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Synthèse pathologie

Les douleurs fémoro-patellaires

Membres inférieurs

Cette fiche synthétique vous permet de revoir dans les grandes lignes la physiopathologie, le diagnostic et l’essentiel de la prise en charge des douleurs fémoro-patellaires.


Al-Hakim, Wisam, Parag Kumar Jaiswal, Wasim Khan, et David Johnstone.« The Non-Operative Treatment of Anterior Knee Pain ». The OpenOrthopaedics Journal 6, no 1 (27 juillet 2012).

Arroll, Bruce, Elaine Ellis-Pegler, A. Edwards, et GrantSutcliffe. « Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome: ACritical Review of the Clinical Trials on Nonoperative Therapy ». The AmericanJournal of Sports Medicine 25, no 2 (1 mars 1997): 207‑12.

Barton, C. J., D. R. Bonanno, J. Carr, B. S. Neal, P. Malliaras, A.Franklyn-Miller, et H. B. Menz. « Running Retraining to Treat Lower LimbInjuries: A Mixed-Methods Study of Current Evidence Synthesised with ExpertOpinion ». British Journal of Sports Medicine 50, no 9(1 mai 2016): 513‑26.

Barton, Christian, Vivek Balachandar, Simon Lack, et Dylan Morrissey.« Patellar Taping for Patellofemoral Pain: A Systematic Review andMeta-Analysis to Evaluate Clinical Outcomes and BiomechanicalMechanisms ». British Journal of Sports Medicine 48, no6 (mars 2014): 417‑24.

Barton, Christian J., Kay M. Crossley, et Erin M. Macri. « ShouldWe Consider Changing Traditional Physiotherapy Treatment of Patellofemoral PainBased on Recent Insights from the Literature? » British Journal ofSports Medicine 52, no 24 (1 décembre 2018): 1546‑47.

Barton, Christian J., Shannon E. Munteanu, Hylton B. Menz, et Kay M.Crossley. « The Efficacy of Foot Orthoses in the Treatment of Individualswith Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome: A Systematic Review ». SportsMedicine (Auckland, N.Z.) 40, no 5 (1 mai 2010): 377‑95.

Barton, Christian J., et Michael S. Rathleff. « ‘Managing My Patellofemoral Pain’: The Creation of an EducationLeaflet for Patients ». BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine 2, no1 (1 mars 2016): e000086.

Barton, Christian John, Simon Lack, Steph Hemmings, Saad Tufail, etDylan Morrissey. « The ‘Best Practice Guide to Conservative Management ofPatellofemoral Pain’: Incorporating Level 1 Evidence with Expert ClinicalReasoning ». British Journal of Sports Medicine 49, no14 (1 juillet 2015): 923‑34.

Boling, M., D. Padua, S. Marshall, K. Guskiewicz, S. Pyne, et A.Beutler. « Gender Differences in the Incidence and Prevalence ofPatellofemoral Pain Syndrome ». Scandinavian Journal of Medicine &Science in Sports 20, no 5 (2010): 725‑30.

Boucher, Jean P., Marjorie A. King, Richard Lefebvre, et AndréPépin. « Quadriceps Femoris Muscle Activityin Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome ». The American Journal of SportsMedicine 20, no 5 (1 septembre 1992): 527‑32.

Brazier, John, Julie Ratcliffe, Joshua Saloman, et Aki Tsuchiya. Measuringand Valuing Health Benefits for Economic Evaluation. Measuring andValuing Health Benefits for Economic Evaluation. Oxford University Press. Consulté le22 février 2021.

Callaghan, Michael J., et James Selfe. « Has the Incidence or Prevalence of Patellofemoral Pain in theGeneral Population in the United Kingdom Been Properly Evaluated? » PhysicalTherapy in Sport 8, no 1 (1 février 2007): 37‑43.

Collins, Natalie J., Bill Vicenzino, Rianne A. vander Heijden, et Marienke van Middelkoop. « Pain During Prolonged Sitting Is a Common Problem in Persons WithPatellofemoral Pain ». The Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports PhysicalTherapy 46, no 8 (août 2016): 658‑63.

Cook, Chad, Eric Hegedus, Richard Hawkins, Field Scovell, et DougWyland. « Diagnostic Accuracy and Association to Disability of ClinicalTest Findings Associated with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome ». PhysiotherapyCanada 62, no 1 (1 janvier 2010): 17‑24.

Cook, J. L., et C. R. Purdam. «Is Tendon Pathology a Continuum? A Pathology Model to Explain the Clinical Presentation of Load-Induced Tendinopathy».British Journal of Sports Medicine 43, no 6 (juin 2009): 409‑16.

Cowan, Sallie M., Kim L. Bennell, Paul W. Hodges, Kay M. Crossley, etJenny McConnell. « Delayed Onset of Electromyographic Activity of VastusMedialis Obliquus Relative to Vastus Lateralis in Subjects with PatellofemoralPain Syndrome ». Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation82, no 2 (1 février 2001): 183‑89.

Cowan, Sallie M., Paul W. Hodges, Kim L. Bennell, et Kay M. Crossley.« Altered Vastii Recruitment When People with Patellofemoral Pain SyndromeComplete a Postural Task ». Archives of Physical Medicine andRehabilitation 83, no 7 (1 juillet 2002): 989‑95.

De Oliveira Silva, Danilo, Michael Skovdal Rathleff, Kristian Petersen,Fábio Mícolis de Azevedo, et Christian John Barton. « Manifestationsof Pain Sensitization Across Different Painful Knee Disorders: A SystematicReview Including Meta-analysis and Metaregression ». Pain Medicine20, no 2 (1 février 2019): 335‑58.

Dye, Scott F. « The Pathophysiology of Patellofemoral Pain: ATissue Homeostasis Perspective ». Clinical Orthopaedics and RelatedResearch® 436 (juillet 2005): 100‑110.

Engelina, Shendy, Claire J. Robertson, James Moggridge, AlbanKillingback, et Philip Adds. « Using Ultrasound to Measure the Fibre Angleof Vastus Medialis Oblique: A Cadaveric Validation Study ». The Knee21, no 1 (janvier 2014): 107‑11.

Farrokhi, S., J. H. Keyak, et C. M. Powers. « Individuals withPatellofemoral Pain Exhibit Greater Patellofemoral Joint Stress: A FiniteElement Analysis Study ». Osteoarthritis and Cartilage 19, no3 (1 mars 2011): 287‑94.

Ford, Kevin R, Anh-Dung Nguyen, Steven L Dischiavi, Eric J Hegedus, EmmaF Zuk, et Jeffrey B Taylor. « An evidence-based review of hip-focusedneuromuscular exercise interventions to address dynamic lower extremityvalgus ». Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine 6 (25 août 2015):291‑303.

Freedman, Benjamin R., Timothy J. Brindle, et Frances T. Sheehan.« Re-Evaluating the Functional Implications of the Q-Angle and ItsRelationship to in-Vivo Patellofemoral Kinematics ». ClinicalBiomechanics 29, no 10 (1 décembre 2014): 1139‑45.

Gangadharan, Vijayan, et Rohini Kuner. « Pain Hypersensitivity Mechanisms at a Glance ». DiseaseModels & Mechanisms 6, no 4 (1 juillet 2013): 889‑95.

Giles, Lachlan S., Kate E. Webster, Jodie A. McClelland, et Jill Cook.« Does Quadriceps Atrophy Exist in Individuals With Patellofemoral Pain? ASystematic Literature Review With Meta-analysis ». Journal ofOrthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy 43, no 11 (9 septembre2013): 766‑76.  

Glaviano, Neal R., Michelle Kew, Joseph M. Hart, et Susan Saliba.« DEMOGRAPHIC AND EPIDEMIOLOGICAL TRENDS IN PATELLOFEMORAL PAIN ». InternationalJournal of Sports Physical Therapy 10, no 3 (juin 2015): 281‑90.

Hall, Randon, Kim Barber Foss, Timothy E. Hewett, et Gregory D. Myer.« Sport Specialization’s Association With an Increased Risk of DevelopingAnterior Knee Pain in Adolescent Female Athletes ». Journal of SportRehabilitation 24, no 1 (1 février 2015): 31‑35.

Harbaugh, Calista M., Nicole A. Wilson, et Frances T. Sheehan.« Correlating Femoral Shape with Patellar Kinematics in Patients withPatellofemoral Pain ». Journal of Orthopaedic Research 28, no7 (2010): 865‑72.

Herbst, Kristen A., Kim D. Barber Foss, Lauren Fader, Timothy E. Hewett,Erik Witvrouw, Denver Stanfield, et Gregory D. Myer. « Hip Strength IsGreater in Athletes Who Subsequently Develop Patellofemoral Pain ». TheAmerican Journal of Sports Medicine 43, no 11 (1 novembre 2015):2747‑52.

Insall, J., V. Goldberg, et E. Salvati. « Recurrent Dislocation andthe High-Riding Patella ». Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research88 (1972): 67‑69.

Insall, J., et E. Salvati. « Patella Position in the Normal KneeJoint ». Radiology 101, no 1 (octobre 1971): 101‑4.

Jan, Mei-Hwa, Da-Hon Lin, Jiu-Jenq Lin, Chien-Ho Janice Lin, Cheng-KungCheng, et Yeong-Fwu Lin. « Differences in Sonographic Characteristics of the Vastus Medialis Obliquus between Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndromeand Healthy Adults ». The American Journal of Sports Medicine 37, no9 (septembre 2009): 1743‑49.

Kannus, P. A. « Long Patellar Tendon: Radiographic Sign of Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome--a Prospective Study ». Radiology 185, no3 (décembre 1992): 859‑63.

Kannus, Pekka, et Seppo Niittymäki. « Which Factors Predict Outcome in the Nonoperative Treatment of Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome? A Prospective Follow-up Study ». Medicine& Science in Sports & Exercise 26, no 3 (mars 1994): 289‑96.

Kaux, J. F., F. Buckinx, S. Borheim, J. Van Beveren, N. Dardenne, et O. Bruyère. « Adaptation interculturelle du questionnaire Kujala Anterior Knee Pain Scale pour les patients francophones ». Journal deTraumatologie du Sport 35, no 1 (1 mars 2018): 62.

Kujala, U. M., L. H. Jaakkola, S. K. Koskinen, S. Taimela, M.Hurme, et O. Nelimarkka. « Scoring of PatellofemoralDisorders ». Arthroscopy: The Journal of Arthroscopic & RelatedSurgery: Official Publication of the Arthroscopy Association of North Americaand the International Arthroscopy Association 9, no 2 (1993):159‑63.

Lack, Simon, Bradley Neal, Danilo De Oliveira Silva, et ChristianBarton. « How to Manage Patellofemoral Pain – Understanding theMultifactorial Nature and Treatment Options ». Physical Therapy inSport 32 (1 juillet 2018): 155‑66.

Lankhorst, N. E., M. van Middelkoop, K. M. Crossley, S. M. A.Bierma-Zeinstra, E. H. G. Oei, B. Vicenzino, et N. J. Collins. « FactorsThat Predict a Poor Outcome 5–8 Years after the Diagnosis of Patello femoral Pain: A Multicentre Observational Analysis ». British Journal of SportsMedicine 50, no 14 (1 juillet 2016): 881‑86.

Lankhorst, Nienke E., Sita M.A. Bierma-Zeinstra, et Marienkevan Middelkoop. « Risk Factors for Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome: A Systematic Review ». Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports PhysicalTherapy 42, no 2 (1 février 2012): 81‑94.

Maclachlan, Liam R., Natalie J. Collins, Mark L. G. Matthews, Paul W.Hodges, et Bill Vicenzino. « The Psychological Features of Patello femoral Pain: A Systematic Review ». British Journal of Sports Medicine 51, no 9 (1 mai 2017): 732‑42.

McConnell, J. « Management of Patellofemoral Problems ». ManualTherapy 1, no 2 (mars 1996): 60‑66.

McMoreland, Aidan, Kieran O’Sullivan, David Sainsbury, Amanda Clifford,et Karen McCreesh. « No Deficit in Hip Isometric Strength or ConcentricEndurance in Young Females with Mild Patello femoral Pain ». Isokinetics and Exercise Science 19, no 2 (1 janvier 2011): 117‑25.

Milgrom, C., A. Finestone, A. Eldad, et N. Shlamkovitch.« Patellofemoral Pain Caused by Overactivity. A Prospective Study of RiskFactors in Infantry Recruits ». The Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery.American Volume 73, no 7 (août 1991): 1041‑43.

Nakagawa, Theresa Helissa, Rodrigo de Marche Baldon, Thiago BatistaMuniz, et Fábio Viadanna Serrão. « Relationship among Eccentric Hip andKnee Torques, Symptom Severity and Functional Capacity in Females with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome ». Physical Therapy in Sport 12, no3 (1 août 2011): 133‑39.

Näslund, Jan, Ulla-Britt Näslund, Sten Odenbring, et Thomas Lundeberg.« Comparison of Symptoms and Clinical Findings in Subgroups of Individualswith Patellofemoral Pain ». Physiotherapy Theory and Practice 22, no3 (juin 2006): 105‑18.

Neal, Bradley S., Christian J. Barton, Rosa Gallie, Patrick O’Halloran, et Dylan Morrissey. « Runners with Patellofemoral Pain Have AlteredBiomechanics Which Targeted Interventions Can Modify: A Systematic Review andMeta-Analysis ». Gait & Posture 45 (mars 2016): 69‑82.

Netgen. « Mieux comprendre le syndrome douloureux fémoro-patellaire… pour mieux le traiter ». Revue Médicale Suisse.Consulté le 11 février 2021.

Nunes, Guilherme S., Danilo de Oliveira Silva, Tania Pizzari, Fábio Viadanna Serrão, Kay M. Crossley, et Christian John Barton. « ClinicallyMeasured Hip Muscle Capacity Deficits in People with Patello femoral Pain ». Physical Therapy in Sport 35 (1 janvier 2019): 69‑74.

Pal, Saikat, Thor F. Besier, Gary S. Beaupre, Michael Fredericson, ScottL. Delp, et Garry E. Gold. « Patellar Maltracking Is Prevalent among Patellofemoral Pain Subjects with Patella Alta: An Upright, Weight bearing MRIStudy ». Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society 31, no 3 (mars 2013): 448‑57.

Pal, Saikat, Thor F. Besier, Christine E. Draper, Michael Fredericson, Garry E. Gold, Gary S. Beaupre, et Scott L. Delp. « Patellar TiltCorrelates with Vastus Lateralis: Vastus Medialis Activation Ratio inMaltracking Patellofemoral Pain Patients ». Journal of Orthopaedic Research: Official Publication of the Orthopaedic Research Society 30, no6 (juin 2012): 927‑33. 

Pal, Saikat, Christine E. Draper, Michael Fredericson, Garry E. Gold,Scott L. Delp, Gary S. Beaupre, et Thor F. Besier. « Patellar MaltrackingCorrelates with Vastus Medialis Activation Delay in Patellofemoral PainPatients ». The American Journal of Sports Medicine 39, no3 (mars 2011): 590‑98.

Papadopoulos, Konstantinos, Demetris Stasinopoulos, et Dimitar Ganchev. « A Systematic Review of Reviews in Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome. Exploring the Risk Factors, Diagnostic Tests,Outcome Measurements and Exercise Treatment ». The Open Sports MedicineJournal 9, no 1 (15 mai 2015).

Park, Sang-Kyoon, et Darren J. Stefanyshyn. « Greater Q Angle MayNot Be a Risk Factor of Patello femoral Pain Syndrome ». ClinicalBiomechanics 26, no 4 (1 mai 2011): 392‑96.

Post, William R. « Current Concepts Clinical Evaluation of PatientsWith Patello femoral Disorders ». Arthroscopy 15, no 8 (1novembre 1999): 841‑51.

Powers, Christopher M. « Patellar Kinematics, Part II: TheInfluence of the Depth of the Trochlear Groove in Subjects With and Without Patellofemoral Pain ». Physical Therapy 80, no 10 (1octobre 2000): 965‑73.

Powers, Christopher M. « The Influence of Abnormal Hip Mechanics onKnee Injury: A Biomechanical Perspective ». Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy 40, no 2 (1 février 2010): 42‑51.

Powers, Christopher M., Lori A. Bolgla, Michael J. Callaghan, NatalieCollins, et Frances T. Sheehan. « Patellofemoral Pain: Proximal, Distal, and Local Factors—Second International Research Retreat, August 31–September 2,2011, Ghent, Belgium ». Journal of Orthopaedic & Sports PhysicalTherapy 42, no 6 (1 juin 2012): A1‑54.

Powers, Christopher M, Robert Landel, et Jacquelin Perry. « Timing and Intensity of Vastus Muscle Activity During Functional Activities inSubjects With and Without Patello femoral Pain ». Physical Therapy76, no 9 (1 septembre 1996): 946‑55.

Powers, Christopher M., Erik Witvrouw, Irene S. Davis, et Kay M.Crossley. « Evidence-Based Framework for a Pathomechanical Model of Patellofemoral Pain: 2017 Patellofemoral Pain Consensus Statement from the 4th International Patellofemoral Pain Research Retreat, Manchester, UK: Part3 ». British Journal of Sports Medicine 51, no 24 (1décembre 2017): 1713‑23.

Prins, Maarten R., et Peter van der Wurff. « Females with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome Have Weak Hip Muscles:A Systematic Review ». The Australian Journal of Physiotherapy 55, no 1 (2009): 9‑15.

Rathleff, M. S., C. R. Rathleff, K. M. Crossley, et C. J. Barton.« Is Hip Strength a Risk Factor for Patellofemoral Pain? A SystematicReview and Meta-Analysis ». British Journal of Sports Medicine 48, no 14 (1 juillet 2014): 1088‑1088.

Rathleff, Michael S., Camilla R. Rathleff, Jens L. Olesen, StenRasmussen, et Ewa M. Roos. « Is Knee Pain During Adolescence aSelf-Limiting Condition?: Prognosis of Patellofemoral Pain and Other Types ofKnee Pain ». The American Journal of Sports Medicine 44, no5 (1 mai 2016): 1165‑71.

Rathleff, Michael S., Sune K. Skuldbøl, Mads N. B. Rasch, Ewa M. Roos,Sten Rasmussen, et Jens L. Olesen. « Care-seeking behaviour of adolescents with knee pain: a population-based study among 504 adolescents ». BMCMusculoskeletal Disorders 14, no 1 (30 juillet 2013): 225.

Roush, James R., et R. Curtis Bay. « Prevalence of Anterior KneePain in 18-35 Year-Old Females ». International Journal of SportsPhysical Therapy 7, no 4 (août 2012): 396‑401.

Saltychev, Mikhail, Rebecca A. Dutton, Katri Laimi, Gary S. Beaupré, Petri Virolainen, et Michael Fredericson. « Effectiveness of Conservative Treatment for Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome: A Systematic Review andMeta-Analysis ». Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine 50, no5 (8 mai 2018): 393‑401.

Sanchis-Alfonso, V., E. Rosello-Sastre, et V. Martinez-Sanjuan.« Pathogenesis of Anterior Knee Pain Syndrome and Functional Patellofemoral Instability in the Active Young ». The American Journal of Knee Surgery 12, no 1 (1999): 29‑40.

Sandow, M. J., et J. W. Goodfellow. « The Natural History ofAnterior Knee Pain in Adolescents ». The Journal of Bone and JointSurgery. British Volume 67, no 1 (janvier 1985): 36‑38.

Schrag, Anette, Caroline Selai, Marjan Jahanshahi, et Niall P.Quinn. « The EQ-5D—a Generic Quality of LifeMeasure—Is a Useful Instrument to Measure Quality of Life in Patients withParkinson’s Disease ». Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery &Psychiatry 69, no 1 (1 juillet 2000): 67‑73.

Smith, Benjamin E., James Selfe, Damian Thacker, Paul Hendrick, MarcusBateman, Fiona Moffatt, Michael Skovdal Rathleff, Toby O. Smith, et Pip Logan.« Incidence and Prevalence of Patellofemoral Pain: A Systematic Review andMeta-Analysis ». PLOS ONE 13, no 1 (11 janvier 2018): e0190892.

Stathopulu, E., et E. Baildam. « Anterior knee pain: a long‐term follow‐up ». Rheumatology42, no 2 (1 février 2003): 380‑82.

Teng, Hsiang-Ling, Yu-Jen Chen, et Christopher M. Powers.« Predictors of Patellar Alignment during Weight Bearing: An Examinationof Patellar Height and Trochlear Geometry ». The Knee 21, no1 (1 janvier 2014): 142‑46.

Thomeé, R., J. Augustsson, et J. Karlsson. « Patellofemoral PainSyndrome: A Review of Current Issues ». Sports Medicine (Auckland,N.Z.) 28, no 4 (octobre 1999): 245‑62.

Thomeé, R., P. Renström, J. Karlsson, et G. Grimby. « Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome in Young Women. I. A ClinicalAnalysis of Alignment, Pain Parameters, Common Symptoms and Functional ActivityLevel ». Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports5, no 4 (août 1995): 237‑44.

Van Cant, Joachim, Gregory Dumont, Laurent Pitance, Christophe Demoulin,et Véronique Feipel. « TEST-RETEST RELIABILITY OF TWO CLINICAL TESTS FORTHE ASSESSMENT OF HIP ABDUCTOR ENDURANCE IN HEALTHY FEMALES ». InternationalJournal of Sports Physical Therapy 11, no 1 (février 2016): 24‑33.

Van Cant, Joachim, Catherine Pineux, Laurent Pitance, et VéroniqueFeipel. « HIP MUSCLE STRENGTH AND ENDURANCE IN FEMALES WITH PATELLOFEMORALPAIN: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW WITH META‐ANALYSIS ». International Journalof Sports Physical Therapy 9, no 5 (octobre 2014): 564‑82.

Van Cant, Joachim, Laurent Pitance, et Véronique Feipel. « HipAbductor, Trunk Extensor and Ankle Plantar Flexor Endurance in Females with and without Patellofemoral Pain ». Journal of Back and MusculoskeletalRehabilitation 30, no 2 (2017): 299‑307.

Van Cant, J., P. Declève, A. Garnier, et J. S. Roy. « Influence of Symptom Frequency and Severity on Hip Abductor Strength and Endurance in Individuals with Patellofemoral Pain ». Physical Therapy in Sport 49 (1 mai 2021): 83‑89.

Van Tiggelen, Damien, Sallie Cowan, Pascal Coorevits, NathalieDuvigneaud, et Erik Witvrouw. « Delayed Vastus Medialis Obliquus to Vastus Lateralis Onset Timing Contributes to the Development of PatellofemoralPain in Previously Healthy Men: A Prospective Study ». The AmericanJournal of Sports Medicine 37, no 6 (juin 2009): 1099‑1105.

Varadarajan, Kartik M., Andrew A. Freiberg, Thomas J. Gill, Harry E.Rubash, et Guoan Li. « Relationship Between Three-Dimensional Geometry ofthe Trochlear Groove and In Vivo Patellar Tracking During Weight-Bearing KneeFlexion ». Journal of Biomechanical Engineering 132, no061008 (22 avril 2010).

Ward, Samuel R., Michael R. Terk, et Christopher M. Powers.« Patella Alta: Association with Patellofemoral Alignment and Changes inContact Area During Weight-Bearing ». JBJS 89, no 8(août 2007): 1749‑55.

Waryasz, Gregory R, et Ann Y McDermott. « Patellofemoral painsyndrome (PFPS): a systematic review of anatomy and potential riskfactors ». Dynamic Medicine : DM 7 (26 juin 2008): 9.

Werner, S. « An Evaluation of Knee Extensor and Knee Flexor Torquesand EMGs in Patients with Patellofemoral Pain Syndrome in Comparison withMatched Controls ». Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy3, no 2 (1 juillet 1995): 89‑94.

Wilk, Kevin E., George J. Davies, Robert E. Mangine, et Terry R. Malone.« Patellofemoral Disorders: A Classification System and ClinicalGuidelines for Nonoperative Rehabilitation ». Journal of Orthopaedic& Sports Physical Therapy 28, no 5 (1 novembre 1998): 307‑22.

Willy, Richard W., Lisa T. Hoglund, Christian J. Barton, Lori A. Bolgla,David A. Scalzitti, David S. Logerstedt, Andrew D. Lynch, Lynn Snyder-Mackler,et Christine M. McDonough. « Patellofemoral Pain ». Journal ofOrthopaedic & Sports Physical Therapy 49, no 9 (31 août2019): CPG1‑95.

Witvrouw, Erik, Roeland Lysens, Johan Bellemans, Dirk Cambier, et Guy Vanderstraeten. « Intrinsic Risk Factors for the Development of AnteriorKnee Pain in an Athletic Population: A Two-Year Prospective Study ». TheAmerican Journal of Sports Medicine 28, no 4 (1 juillet 2000):480‑89.

Witvrouw, Erik, Michael J. Callaghan, Joshua J. Stefanik, Brian Noehren,David M. Bazett-Jones, John D. Willson, Jennifer E. Earl-Boehm, et al.« Patellofemoral Pain: Consensus Statement from the 3rd InternationalPatellofemoral Pain Research Retreat Held in Vancouver, September 2013 ». BritishJournal of Sports Medicine 48, no 6 (1 mars 2014): 411‑14.

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