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Synthèse pathologie

Les lésions des Ischios-jambiers

Musculo-Squelettique
Membres inférieurs
Description

Cette fiche synthétique vous permet de revoir dans les grandes lignes la physiopathologie, le diagnostic et l’essentiel de la prise en charge des lésions des Ischios-jambiers.

Bibliographie

Abate Daga, Federico, Marco Panzolini, Ruben Allois, Luca Baseggio, et Samuel Agostino. « Age-Related Differences in Hamstring Flexibility in Prepubertal Soccer Players: An Exploratory Cross-Sectional Study ». Frontiers in Psychology 12 (2021). https://www.frontiersin.org/article/10.3389/fpsyg.2021.741756.

Agre, J. C. « Hamstring Injuries. Proposed Aetiological Factors, Prevention, and Treatment ». Sports Medicine (Auckland, N.Z.) 2, nᵒ 1 (février 1985): 21‑33. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-198502010-00003.

Ahmad, Christopher S., Randall W. Dick, Edward Snell, Nick D. Kenney, Frank C. Curriero, Keshia Pollack, John P. Albright, et Bert R. Mandelbaum. « Major and Minor League Baseball Hamstring Injuries: Epidemiologic Findings From the Major League Baseball Injury Surveillance System ». The American Journal of Sports Medicine 42, nᵒ 6 (juin 2014): 1464‑70. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546514529083.

Ahmad, Christopher S., Lauren H. Redler, Michael G. Ciccotti, Nicola Maffulli, Umile Giuseppe Longo, et James Bradley. « Evaluation and Management of Hamstring Injuries ». The American Journal of Sports Medicine 41, nᵒ 12 (décembre 2013): 2933‑47. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546513487063.

Ardern, Clare L., Philip Glasgow, Anthony Schneiders, Erik Witvrouw, Benjamin Clarsen, Ann Cools, Boris Gojanovic, et al. « 2016 Consensus Statement on Return to Sport from the First World Congress in Sports Physical Therapy, Bern ». British Journal of Sports Medicine 50, nᵒ 14 (juillet 2016): 853‑64. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2016-096278.

Askling, C., J. Karlsson, et A. Thorstensson. « Hamstring Injury Occurrence in Elite Soccer Players after Preseason Strength Training with Eccentric Overload ». Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports 13, nᵒ 4 (août 2003): 244‑50. https://doi.org/10.1034/j.1600-0838.2003.00312.x.

Askling, C. M., J. Nilsson, et A. Thorstensson. « A New Hamstring Test to Complement the Common Clinical Examination before Return to Sport after Injury ». Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA 18, nᵒ 12 (décembre 2010): 1798‑1803. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-010-1265-3.

Askling, C., T. Saartok, et A. Thorstensson. « Type of Acute Hamstring Strain Affects Flexibility, Strength, and Time to Return to Pre-Injury Level ». British Journal of Sports Medicine 40, nᵒ 1 (janvier 2006): 40‑44. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2005.018879.

Azzopardi, C., G. Almeer, J. Kho, D. Beale, S. L. James, et R. Botchu. « Hamstring Origin-Anatomy, Angle of Origin and Its Possible Clinical Implications ». Journal of Clinical Orthopaedics and Trauma 13 (février 2021): 50‑52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcot.2020.08.021.

Ballinger, Anne. « Adverse Effects of Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs on the Colon ». Current Gastroenterology Reports 10, nᵒ 5 (octobre 2008): 485‑89. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11894-008-0089-5.

Beijsterveldt, A. M. C. van, I. G. L. van de Port, A. J. Vereijken, et F. J. G. Backx. « Risk Factors for Hamstring Injuries in Male Soccer Players: A Systematic Review of Prospective Studies ». Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports 23, nᵒ 3 (juin 2013): 253‑62. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2012.01487.x.

Bilsborough, Johann C., Kate G. Greenway, David A. Opar, Steuart G. Livingstone, Justin T. Cordy, Stephen R. Bird, et Aaron J. Coutts. « Comparison of Anthropometry, Upper-Body Strength, and Lower-Body Power Characteristics in Different Levels of Australian Football Players ». Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research 29, nᵒ 3 (mars 2015): 826‑34. https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000000682.

Blankenbaker, Donna G., et Michael J. Tuite. « Temporal Changes of Muscle Injury ». Seminars in Musculoskeletal Radiology 14, nᵒ 2 (juin 2010): 176‑93. https://doi.org/10.1055/s-0030-1253159.

Bourne, Matthew N., Andrea M. Bruder, Benjamin F. Mentiplay, David L. Carey, Brooke E. Patterson, et Kay M. Crossley. « Eccentric Knee Flexor Weakness in Elite Female Footballers 1-10 Years Following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction ». Physical Therapy in Sport: Official Journal of the Association of Chartered Physiotherapists in Sports Medicine 37 (mai 2019): 144‑49. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ptsp.2019.03.010.

Bourne, Matthew N., Steven J. Duhig, Ryan G. Timmins, Morgan D. Williams, David A. Opar, Aiman Al Najjar, Graham K. Kerr, et Anthony J. Shield. « Impact of the Nordic Hamstring and Hip Extension Exercises on Hamstring Architecture and Morphology: Implications for Injury Prevention ». British Journal of Sports Medicine 51, nᵒ 5 (mars 2017): 469‑77. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2016-096130.

Bourne, Matthew N., David A. Opar, Morgan D. Williams, et Anthony J. Shield. « Eccentric Knee Flexor Strength and Risk of Hamstring Injuries in Rugby Union: A Prospective Study ». The American Journal of Sports Medicine 43, nᵒ 11 (novembre 2015): 2663‑70. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546515599633.

———. « Eccentric Knee Flexor Strength and Risk of Hamstring Injuries in Rugby Union: A Prospective Study ». The American Journal of Sports Medicine 43, nᵒ 11 (1 novembre 2015): 2663‑70. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546515599633.

Brockett, C. L., D. L. Morgan, et U. Proske. « Human Hamstring Muscles Adapt to Eccentric Exercise by Changing Optimum Length ». Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 33, nᵒ 5 (mai 2001): 783‑90. https://doi.org/10.1097/00005768-200105000-00017.

Brooks, John H. M., Colin W. Fuller, Simon P. T. Kemp, et Dave B. Reddin. « Incidence, Risk, and Prevention of Hamstring Muscle Injuries in Professional Rugby Union ». The American Journal of Sports Medicine 34, nᵒ 8 (août 2006): 1297‑1306. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546505286022.

Chan, Otto, Angelo Del Buono, Thomas M. Best, et Nicola Maffulli. « Acute Muscle Strain Injuries: A Proposed New Classification System ». Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA 20, nᵒ 11 (novembre 2012): 2356‑62. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-012-2118-z.

———. « Acute Muscle Strain Injuries: A Proposed New Classification System ». Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA 20, nᵒ 11 (novembre 2012): 2356‑62. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00167-012-2118-z.

Charlton, Paula C., Benjamin Raysmith, Martin Wollin, Simon Rice, Craig Purdam, Ross A. Clark, et Michael K. Drew. « Knee Flexion Not Hip Extension Strength Is Persistently Reduced Following Hamstring Strain Injury in Australian Football Athletes: Implications for Periodic Health Examinations ». Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 21, nᵒ 10 (octobre 2018): 999‑1003. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2018.03.014.

———. « Knee Flexion Not Hip Extension Strength Is Persistently Reduced Following Hamstring Strain Injury in Australian Football Athletes: Implications for Periodic Health Examinations ». Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 21, nᵒ 10 (octobre 2018): 999‑1003. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2018.03.014.

Chumanov, Elizabeth S., Bryan C. Heiderscheit, et Darryl G. Thelen. « Hamstring Musculotendon Dynamics during Stance and Swing Phases of High-Speed Running ». Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 43, nᵒ 3 (mars 2011): 525‑32. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181f23fe8.

Cloke, David, Oliver Moore, Talib Shah, Talib Shab, Steven Rushton, Mark D. F. Shirley, et David J. Deehan. « Thigh Muscle Injuries in Youth Soccer: Predictors of Recovery ». The American Journal of Sports Medicine 40, nᵒ 2 (février 2012): 433‑39. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546511428800.

Comin, Jules, Peter Malliaras, Peter Baquie, Tim Barbour, et David Connell. « Return to Competitive Play after Hamstring Injuries Involving Disruption of the Central Tendon ». The American Journal of Sports Medicine 41, nᵒ 1 (janvier 2013): 111‑15. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546512463679.

Connell, David A., Michal E. Schneider-Kolsky, Jan Lucas Hoving, Frank Malara, Rachelle Buchbinder, George Koulouris, Frank Burke, et Cheryl Bass. « Longitudinal Study Comparing Sonographic and MRI Assessments of Acute and Healing Hamstring Injuries ». AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology 183, nᵒ 4 (octobre 2004): 975‑84. https://doi.org/10.2214/ajr.183.4.1830975.

Croisier, Jean-Louis, Bénédicte Forthomme, Marie-Hélène Namurois, Marc Vanderthommen, et Jean-Michel Crielaard. « Hamstring Muscle Strain Recurrence and Strength Performance Disorders ». The American Journal of Sports Medicine 30, nᵒ 2 (avril 2002): 199‑203. https://doi.org/10.1177/03635465020300020901.

Cross, Kevin M., Kelly K. Gurka, Susan Saliba, Mark Conaway, et Jay Hertel. « Comparaison Des Taux de Blessures Dues à La Tension Des Ischio-Jambiers Entre Les Athlètes Masculins et Féminins de Football Interuniversitaire ». The American Journal of Sports Medicine 41, nᵒ 4 (1 avril 2013): 742‑48. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546513475342.

Cross, Kevin M., Susan A. Saliba, Mark Conaway, Kelly K. Gurka, et Jay Hertel. « Days to Return to Participation After a Hamstrings Strain Among American Collegiate Soccer Players ». Journal of Athletic Training 50, nᵒ 7 (juillet 2015): 733‑41. https://doi.org/10.4085/1052-6050-50.2.12.

« Cross-Cultural Adaptation of The Visa-P Questionnaire for Danish-Speaking Patients with Patella Tendinopathy – MLTJ ». Consulté le 2 mars 2022. http://www.mltj.online/cross-cultural-adaptation-of-the-visa-p-questionnaire-for-danish-speaking-patients-with-patella-tendinopathy/.

Crossley, Kay M, Brooke E Patterson, Adam G Culvenor, Andrea M Bruder, Andrea B Mosler, et Benjamin F Mentiplay. « Making football safer for women: a systematic review and meta-analysis of injury prevention programmes in 11 773 female football (soccer) players ». British Journal of Sports Medicine 54, nᵒ 18 (septembre 2020): 1089‑98. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2019-101587.

Dalton, Sara L., Zachary Y. Kerr, et Thomas P. Dompier. « Epidemiology of Hamstring Strains in 25 NCAA Sports in the 2009-2010 to 2013-2014 Academic Years ». The American Journal of Sports Medicine 43, nᵒ 11 (novembre 2015): 2671‑79. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546515599631.

Daly, C., U. McCarthy Persson, R. Twycross-Lewis, R. C. Woledge, et D. Morrissey. « The Biomechanics of Running in Athletes with Previous Hamstring Injury: A Case-Control Study ». Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports 26, nᵒ 4 (avril 2016): 413‑20. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12464.

Danielsson, Adam, Alexandra Horvath, Carl Senorski, Eduard Alentorn-Geli, William E. Garrett, Ramón Cugat, Kristian Samuelsson, et Eric Hamrin Senorski. « The Mechanism of Hamstring Injuries - a Systematic Review ». BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 21, nᵒ 1 (29 septembre 2020): 641. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12891-020-03658-8.

Dauty, M., P. Menu, et A. Fouasson-Chailloux. « Cutoffs of Isokinetic Strength Ratio and Hamstring Strain Prediction in Professional Soccer Players ». Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports 28, nᵒ 1 (janvier 2018): 276‑81. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12890.

Dauty, Marc, Pierre Menu, Alban Fouasson-Chailloux, Sophie Ferréol, et Charles Dubois. « Prediction of hamstring injury in professional soccer players by isokinetic measurements ». Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal 6, nᵒ 1 (19 mai 2016): 116‑23. https://doi.org/10.11138/mltj/2016.6.1.116.

Dauty, Marc, Michèle Potiron-Josse, et Pierre Rochcongar. « Identification of Previous Hamstring Muscle Injury by Isokinetic Concentric and Eccentric Torque Measurement in Elite Soccer Player ». Isokinetics and Exercise Science 11, nᵒ 3 (1 janvier 2003): 139‑44. https://doi.org/10.3233/IES-2003-0140.

De Vos, Robert-Jan, Gustaaf Reurink, Gert-Jan Goudswaard, Maarten H. Moen, Adam Weir, et Johannes L. Tol. « Clinical Findings Just after Return to Play Predict Hamstring Re-Injury, but Baseline MRI Findings Do Not ». British Journal of Sports Medicine 48, nᵒ 18 (septembre 2014): 1377‑84. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2014-093737.

Devlin, L. « Recurrent Posterior Thigh Symptoms Detrimental to Performance in Rugby Union: Predisposing Factors ». Sports Medicine (Auckland, N.Z.) 29, nᵒ 4 (avril 2000): 273‑87. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200029040-00005.

Doherty, Timothy J., Anthony A. Vandervoort, et William F. Brown. « Effects of Ageing on the Motor Unit: A Brief Review ». Canadian Journal of Applied Physiology, 25 janvier 2011. https://doi.org/10.1139/h93-029.

Doormaal, Mitchell C. M. van, Nick van der Horst, Frank J. G. Backx, Dirk-Wouter Smits, et Bionka M. A. Huisstede. « No Relationship Between Hamstring Flexibility and Hamstring Injuries in Male Amateur Soccer Players: A Prospective Study ». The American Journal of Sports Medicine 45, nᵒ 1 (janvier 2017): 121‑26. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546516664162.

Duthie, Grant, David Pyne, et Sue Hooper. « Applied Physiology and Game Analysis of Rugby Union ». Sports Medicine (Auckland, N.Z.) 33, nᵒ 13 (2003): 973‑91. https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200333130-00003.

Dyk, Nicol van, Roald Bahr, Angus F. Burnett, Rod Whiteley, Arnhild Bakken, Andrea Mosler, Abdulaziz Farooq, et Erik Witvrouw. « A Comprehensive Strength Testing Protocol Offers No Clinical Value in Predicting Risk of Hamstring Injury: A Prospective Cohort Study of 413 Professional Football Players ». British Journal of Sports Medicine 51, nᵒ 23 (décembre 2017): 1695‑1702. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2017-097754.

Dyk, Nicol van, Roald Bahr, Rodney Whiteley, Johannes L. Tol, Bhavesh D. Kumar, Bruce Hamilton, Abdulaziz Farooq, et Erik Witvrouw. « Hamstring and Quadriceps Isokinetic Strength Deficits Are Weak Risk Factors for Hamstring Strain Injuries: A 4-Year Cohort Study ». The American Journal of Sports Medicine 44, nᵒ 7 (juillet 2016): 1789‑95. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546516632526.

———. « Hamstring and Quadriceps Isokinetic Strength Deficits Are Weak Risk Factors for Hamstring Strain Injuries: A 4-Year Cohort Study ». The American Journal of Sports Medicine 44, nᵒ 7 (juillet 2016): 1789‑95. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546516632526.

Dyk, Nicol van, Fearghal P. Behan, et Rod Whiteley. « Including the Nordic Hamstring Exercise in Injury Prevention Programmes Halves the Rate of Hamstring Injuries: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of 8459 Athletes ». British Journal of Sports Medicine 53, nᵒ 21 (novembre 2019): 1362‑70. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2018-100045.
Ekstrand, J., M. Hägglund, et M. Waldén. « Injury Incidence and Injury Patterns in Professional Football: The UEFA Injury Study ». British Journal of Sports Medicine 45, nᵒ 7 (juin 2011): 553‑58. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2009.060582.

Ekstrand, Jan, Martin Hägglund, et Markus Waldén. « Epidemiology of Muscle Injuries in Professional Football (Soccer) ». The American Journal of Sports Medicine 39, nᵒ 6 (juin 2011): 1226‑32. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546510395879.

Ekstrand, Jan, Jeremiah C. Healy, Markus Waldén, Justin C. Lee, Bryan English, et Martin Hägglund. « Hamstring Muscle Injuries in Professional Football: The Correlation of MRI Findings with Return to Play ». British Journal of Sports Medicine 46, nᵒ 2 (février 2012): 112‑17. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2011-090155.

Ekstrand, Jan, Justin C. Lee, et Jeremiah C. Healy. « MRI Findings and Return to Play in Football: A Prospective Analysis of 255 Hamstring Injuries in the UEFA Elite Club Injury Study ». British Journal of Sports Medicine 50, nᵒ 12 (juin 2016): 738‑43. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2016-095974.

Ekstrand, Jan, Markus Waldén, et Martin Hägglund. « Hamstring Injuries Have Increased by 4% Annually in Men’s Professional Football, since 2001: A 13-Year Longitudinal Analysis of the UEFA Elite Club Injury Study ». British Journal of Sports Medicine 50, nᵒ 12 (juin 2016): 731‑37. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2015-095359.

Elerian, Ahmed Ebrahim, Mohsen M. El-Sayyad, et Hend Adel Abdelhalim Dorgham. « Effect of Pre-Training and Post-Training Nordic Exercise on Hamstring Injury Prevention, Recurrence, and Severity in Soccer Players ». Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine 43, nᵒ 4 (août 2019): 465‑73. https://doi.org/10.5535/arm.2019.43.4.465.

Engebretsen, Anders H., Grethe Myklebust, Ingar Holme, Lars Engebretsen, et Roald Bahr. « Prevention of Injuries among Male Soccer Players: A Prospective, Randomized Intervention Study Targeting Players with Previous Injuries or Reduced Function ». The American Journal of Sports Medicine 36, nᵒ 6 (juin 2008): 1052‑60. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546508314432.

Engebretsen, Anders Hauge, Grethe Myklebust, Ingar Holme, Lars Engebretsen, et Roald Bahr. « Intrinsic Risk Factors for Hamstring Injuries among Male Soccer Players: A Prospective Cohort Study ». The American Journal of Sports Medicine 38, nᵒ 6 (juin 2010): 1147‑53. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546509358381.

———. « Intrinsic Risk Factors for Hamstring Injuries among Male Soccer Players: A Prospective Cohort Study ». The American Journal of Sports Medicine 38, nᵒ 6 (juin 2010): 1147‑53. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546509358381.

Ernlund, Lucio, et Lucas de Almeida Vieira. « Hamstring injuries: update article ». Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia 52, nᵒ 4 (1 août 2017): 373‑82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rboe.2017.05.005.

Evangelidis, Pavlos E., Garry J. Massey, Richard A. Ferguson, Patrick C. Wheeler, Matthew T. G. Pain, et Jonathan P. Folland. « The Functional Significance of Hamstrings Composition: Is It Really a “Fast” Muscle Group? » Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports 27, nᵒ 11 (novembre 2017): 1181‑89. https://doi.org/10.1111/sms.12786.

Faulkner, John A., Carol S. Davis, Christopher L. Mendias, et Susan V. Brooks. « The Aging of Elite Male Athletes: Age-Related Changes in Performance and Skeletal Muscle Structure and Function ». Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine 18, nᵒ 6 (novembre 2008): 501‑7. https://doi.org/10.1097/JSM.0b013e3181845f1c.

Faulkner, John A., Lisa M. Larkin, Dennis R. Claflin, et Susan V. Brooks. « Age-Related Changes in the Structure and Function of Skeletal Muscles ». Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology 34, nᵒ 11 (novembre 2007): 1091‑96. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1681.2007.04752.x.

Foreman, T. K., T. Addy, S. Baker, J. Burns, N. Hill, et T. Madden. « Prospective Studies into the Causation of Hamstring Injuries in Sport: A Systematic Review ». Physical Therapy in Sport 7, nᵒ 2 (1 mai 2006): 101‑9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ptsp.2006.02.001.

Fournier-Farley, Camille, Martin Lamontagne, Patrick Gendron, et Dany H. Gagnon. « Déterminants Du Retour Au Jeu Après La Prise En Charge Non Opératoire Des Blessures Aux Ischio-Jambiers Chez Les Athlètes: Un Examen Systématique ». The American Journal of Sports Medicine 44, nᵒ 8 (1 août 2016): 2166‑72. https://doi.org/10.1177/0363546515617472.

Freckleton, Grant, et Tania Pizzari. « Risk Factors for Hamstring Muscle Strain Injury in Sport: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis ». British Journal of Sports Medicine 47, nᵒ 6 (avril 2013): 351‑58. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2011-090664.

———. « Risk Factors for Hamstring Muscle Strain Injury in Sport: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis ». British Journal of Sports Medicine 47, nᵒ 6 (avril 2013): 351‑58. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2011-090664.

Gabbe, B. J., K. L. Bennell, C. F. Finch, H. Wajswelner, et J. W. Orchard. « Predictors of Hamstring Injury at the Elite Level of Australian Football ». Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports 16, nᵒ 1 (février 2006): 7‑13. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2005.00441.x.

———. « Predictors of Hamstring Injury at the Elite Level of Australian Football ». Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports 16, nᵒ 1 (février 2006): 7‑13. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2005.00441.x.

Gabbe, Belinda J., Kim L. Bennell, et Caroline F. Finch. « Why Are Older Australian Football Players at Greater Risk of Hamstring Injury? » Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 9, nᵒ 4 (août 2006): 327‑33. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2006.01.004.

Garrett, W. E., J. C. Califf, et F. H. Bassett. « Histochemical Correlates of Hamstring Injuries ». The American Journal of Sports Medicine 12, nᵒ 2 (avril 1984): 98‑103. https://doi.org/10.1177/036354658401200202.

Goode, Adam P., Michael P. Reiman, Lloyd Harris, Lucia DeLisa, Aaron Kauffman, David Beltramo, Charles Poole, Leila Ledbetter, et Andrea B. Taylor. « Eccentric Training for Prevention of Hamstring Injuries May Depend on Intervention Compliance: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis ». British Journal of Sports Medicine 49, nᵒ 6 (mars 2015): 349‑56. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2014-093466.

Goossens, L., E. Witvrouw, L. Vanden Bossche, et D. De Clercq. « Lower Eccentric Hamstring Strength and Single Leg Hop for Distance Predict Hamstring Injury in PETE Students ». European Journal of Sport Science 15, nᵒ 5 (2015): 436‑42. https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2014.955127.

GRASSI, ALBERTO, ALBERTO QUAGLIA, GIAN LUIGI CANATA, et STEFANO ZAFFAGNINI. « An update on the grading of muscle injuries: a narrative review from clinical to comprehensive systems ». Joints 4, nᵒ 1 (13 juin 2016): 39‑46. https://doi.org/10.11138/jts/2016.4.1.039.

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Hasebe, Yuki, Kiyokazu Akasaka, Takahiro Otsudo, Yomei Tachibana, Toby Hall, et Mitsuru Yamamoto. « Effects of Nordic Hamstring Exercise on Hamstring Injuries in High School Soccer Players: A Randomized Controlled Trial ». International Journal of Sports Medicine 41, nᵒ 3 (mars 2020): 154‑60. https://doi.org/10.1055/a-1034-7854.

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Heiderscheit, Bryan C., Dina M. Hoerth, Elizabeth S. Chumanov, Stephen C. Swanson, Brian J. Thelen, et Darryl G. Thelen. « Identifying the Time of Occurrence of a Hamstring Strain Injury during Treadmill Running: A Case Study ». Clinical Biomechanics (Bristol, Avon) 20, nᵒ 10 (décembre 2005): 1072‑78. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clinbiomech.2005.07.005.

Heiderscheit, Bryan C., Marc A. Sherry, Amy Silder, Elizabeth S. Chumanov, et Darryl G. Thelen. « Hamstring Strain Injuries: Recommendations for Diagnosis, Rehabilitation and Injury Prevention ». The Journal of orthopaedic and sports physical therapy 40, nᵒ 2 (février 2010): 67‑81. https://doi.org/10.2519/jospt.2010.3047.

Heiser, Thomas M., Jerry Weber, George Sullivan, Patrick Clare, et Rae R. Jacobs. « Prophylaxis and Management of Hamstring Muscle Injuries in Intercollegiate Football Players ». The American Journal of Sports Medicine 12, nᵒ 5 (1 septembre 1984): 368‑70. https://doi.org/10.1177/036354658401200506.

Hemmings, B., M. Smith, J. Graydon, et R. Dyson. « Effects of massage on physiological restoration, perceived recovery, and repeated sports performance ». British Journal of Sports Medicine 34, nᵒ 2 (avril 2000): 109‑14. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.34.2.109.

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